The North American Academy of Manipulative Therapy was formed with representation from the APTA (American Physical Therapy Association) and the CPA (Canadian Physiotherapy Association).
1974: The Founding of IFOMPT
- The International Federation of Orthopedic Manipulative Therapists (IFOMT) was founded and later became the first sub-specialty group of the World Confederation of Physical Therapy (WCPT).
-During the WCPT Congress, two days after IFOMT was founded the Orthopedic Section of the APTA was formed. The Canadian Manual Therapy Special Interest Group was formed due to the growth over a period of six years in the CPA to 974 members.
1974 - 1991: Membership Voting
-To qualify for membership as full voting members, countries applying for membership were required to present educational standards addressing theoretical content, practical content, instruction in scientific inquiry, and clinical supervision for the post-graduate education of physical therapists in orthopaedic manual physical therapy.
1974 - 1991: IFOMPT Recognition
-IFOMT recognizes organized groups of manual/manipulative physical therapists around the world, who have established stringent post-graduation specialization educational programs in manual/manipulative physical therapy. The Federation sets Educational and Clinical Standards that include instruction in scientific inquiry and clinical supervision for post-graduate education of physical therapists and is the first subgroup of the World Confederation of Physical Therapy.
1974 - 1991: IFOMPT Recognition
-While American physical therapists were active in IFOMT (Stanley Paris chaired the foundation meeting of IFOMT in 1978 and Richard Erhard was elected first president and Peter Edgelow the first secretary – both Americans). At this time, the United States did not have a vote in IFOMT as it did not have an organization meeting IFOMT standards.
1991: Rochester, Michigan - Oakland University
-Freddy Kaltenborn of Norway called a meeting of eight leaders of manual and manipulative therapy in the US to have them form an autonomous body outside of the APTA to seek APTA recognition and then apply for IFOMT membership. The leaders had some credibility in that all, with the exception of Stanley Paris, had attended an international program and had been tested in manual therapy by “recognized’ organizations. All present were declared “Founding Fellows” of the Academy, a title they continue to enjoy.
1991: The Eight Fellows
-The eight Founding Fellows each represented manual physical therapy residency programs in the United States and met at Oakland University in Rochester, Michigan in August of 1991. The attendees at this meeting included Stanley Paris, PT, PhD, Michael Moore PT, Ola Grimsby PT, Richard Erhard, PT, DC, Joe Farrell, MS, PT, Kornelia Kulig PhD, PT, Mike Rogers, PT, OCS, and Bjorn Svendsen, PT, DSc.
- Elections were held for Executive committee. Joe Farrell was elected president, Dick Erhard Vice-President, Michael Moore Secretary, Ola Grimsby Treasurer, and Stanley Paris Member-at-Large.
1991: Dallas, Texas
-Ad Hoc Committee Members and Founding Members occurred. Joe Farrell was designated as the chair of the committee.
- Joe Farrell contacted Marilyn Moffat, APTA President, to formally inform her of the Academy's intent to become recognized by the APTA.
1992: February Combined Sections Meeting
-Fellows and members of the Academy, who also were members of the Orthopaedic Section, attended the business meeting of the Orthopaedic Section at the Combined Section Meeting (It should also be noted that attendance of members at this Ortho Section Business meeting was probably highest of all time.) in hopes of them recognizing the Academy as speaking for manipulation in the APTA.
- The Orthopedic Section unanimously endorsed the Academy in its application to become a member of and to serve as the official United States liaison with IFOMT.
1992: February Combined Sections Meeting
- The first standards document that formulated the successful IFOMT application was initiated by main authors Carol Jo Tichenor, Kornelia Kulig and Joe Farrell.
1992: Vail, Colorado - IFOMPT Congress
-Academy filed its application to IFOMT and attended the IFOMT Congress. Jan Richardson, President of the Orthopaedic Section, accompanied by Joe Farrell, President of the Academy and Stanley Paris, immediate past president of IFOMT, made the case for Academy membership.
- The application was successful and resulted in AAOMPT being unanimously accepted as a full voting member organization by the 10 delegate nations of IFOMPT.
1992: February meeting discussing residency
- Joe Farrell summarized his meeting with David Greathouse of the ABPTS, Annette Iglarsh, President of the Orthopedic Section, and Jan Richardson, APTA Board member in his memo to the Founding members of the Academy. He indicated that they were supportive of the residency concept and it would be beneficial to develop a valid and reliable examination process that specifically relates to manual therapy. Jan Richardson and Annette Iglarsh suggested the possibility of forming a Council of Manual Therapy that would essentially controlled by AAOMPT.
- Martin Langass of the Institute of Orthopaedic Manual Therapy (IOMT) wrote a letter detailing his training for consideration of his application for a residency program in the Academy. Included also were letters of support from Olaf Evjenth and Hans Gunnari.
1993: February in San Antonio, Texas - Combined Sections Meeting
- The Executive met at the APTA Combined Sections Meeting. The agenda for the meeting included the practical examination, relationship with the APTA, standards, and the programming for the Manual Therapy Roundtable.
1993: March - Drafted “Standards for Residency Training”
- Carol Jo Tichenor drafted a document “Standards for Residency Training”, including history of the formation of the Academy, the objectives, the relationship with IFOMT, and the relationship with the Orthopaedic Section
- A meeting was convened March 28-29 to reach consensus on the IFOMT application; specifically, educational standards, the examination process, and level of membership and methods to challenge the examination.
1993: April - Development and Reorganization
- Development of the AAOMPT logo through membership questionnaire and cards were issued.
- Carol Jo Tichenor, Kornelia Kulig, and Joe Farrell continued work on the development and reorganization of a standards document. Gale Jensen was hired as an outside consultant to assist in completion of the standards document.
- Kornelia Kulig and Michael Moore circulated to the Founding Members of the AAOMPT a draft regarding OMPT Residency Faculty Credentials and Qualifications.
August 7th & 8th 1993: Chicago - Funding and Budget
- AAOMPT held a meeting in Chicago, Ola Grimsby (Treasurer) was asked to develop a long term funding plan and budget for the Academy.
1994: The Beginnings of Member Benefits
- The AAOMPT began offering members a choice of either the Journal of Manual and Manipulative Therapy or the Scientific Physical Therapy publication as a member benefit
- The first 25 Fellows of the Academy were accepted in 1994 and included: Paul Eddy, Maggie Fillmore, Richard Hills, Laura Kenny, Beth Knight, Pieter Kroon, Tim Kruchowsky, Martin Langaas, Karen Lemmon, Nachum Loss, James Lynn, Timothy McCarthy, Patricia McCord, Timothy McGonigle, John Olson, Ken Olson, Thomas Papke, Michael Phillips, Ann Porter-Hoke, Robert Rinke, Mary Ruhl, Craig Schmaltz, David Torrey, Lynn Troy, and Daniel Vaughn.
-The Academy Newsletter, “Academy News” was published for the first time with membership chair/vice president Mike Rogers serving as editor.
1995: February in Reno, Nevada - Combined Sections Meeting
- APTA Combined Sections Meeting the Founding members met and opened the meeting for the first time to new Fellows of the AAOMPT. Over 20 new fellows joined the Founding Members, Trish King, and Carol Jo Tichenor.
-Topics of the meeting included development of a recognition process for the manual therapy residency programs.
- Ken Olson, Stanley Paris, and Wendy Shoda were appointed to a task force to explore the development of a special interest group on manual therapy within the APTA Orthopaedic Section.
-The IFOMT bylaws required parent body (APTA) recognition for a manual therapy organization to be the official representative to IFOMT. There was hope that formation of a manual therapy SIG may also allow for formation of a manual therapy examination to be administrated by American Board Physical Therapist Specialties (ABPTS).
Changes were made in the IFOMT constitution that no longer required the Academy to be formally recognized by the APTA.
1995: August - AAOMPT held first annual conference and business meeting
-At the business meeting during the conference, a lively debate ensued in response to a motion by Dick Erhard to rescind the decision to form a manual therapy SIG within the Orthopaedic Section.
- Due to the change in the IFOMT constitution in June, the fact that the Orthopaedic Section had previously recognized the Academy as the representative to IFOMT, it seemed that being a subgroup of the APTA would not be required to maintain membership of the AAOMPT as the member organization of IFOMT.
- The Practice Infringement Task force was also created and soon changed its name to Practice Affairs committee.
1996: February in Atlanta, Georgia - Executive Committee Meeting
- The possibility of the Academy becoming a SIG of the APTA Orthopaedic Section and to continue to liaison with orthopaedic section issue was also discussed: The AAOMPT needed to have two tier membership categories to meet IFOMT constitution, and this would not be allowed within the APTA, which does not restrict membership based on credentials of the PTs in the APTA. There was consensus among the Executive and Founding Members that if the Academy could not become a SIG of the orthopaedic section with a 2-tiered membership structure, a separate manual therapy SIG was not a desired outcome. (Farrell, Rogers, Moore, Olson, Rivard)